The article cites the key issues affecting women in occupying management positions. The article indicates women have increased in numbers, and their visibility felt
The aspect of the study that interests me is the survival techniques that women use to advance in management roles. Women have devised bold strategies such as creating external networks, crafting stress management skills; forming relational skills and creating appropriate boundaries to enable them to manoeuvre their way up the management positions.
The study affirms that women continue to face barriers when advancing in leadership positions, in organizations. In order to minimize these challenges, they have developed a number of individual and organizational strategies to help them climb the management ladder. Despite these bold strategies, organizations environment, in terms of training, has not been favourable for them in acquiring managerial skills.
The study illustrates that, in the last 20 years, more research has focused on women entering the management roles in organizations. Similarly, other studies have examined women in management in relation to gender differences between males and females in leadership roles. This study builds on the earlier studies in the same field. The research aimed at, determining the educational and professional backgrounds of women in management positions within human services organizations, identifying barriers and problems encountered by omen moving up the management hierarchy and exploring specific strategies used by women managers to survive the demands of organizational life.
The researcher illustrates the main obstacles that cause a ‘glass ceiling’ limiting women capability towards advancing in administrative and managerial positions. The researcher cites these factors as individual and organizational related. Individual factors include aspects such as self-concept and family and career issues whereas organizational factors include difficulties involved in interacting with peers and subordinates among others.
The research sample was small and consisted of women population between the ages of 28 to 72 years. The sample main goal was to identify women currently holding middle or upper management positions in human services agencies. The researcher used the interview to collect data from the respondents.
The findings indicate that women face different types of barriers in their pursuit of management roles. These barriers are classified into two groups, individual and structural barriers. The researcher cites individual barriers as lack of self-confidence, family and career issues, limited educational opportunities whereas structural barriers include; interaction with peers and subordinates, sexist male organizations and workplace policies and practices.
The researchers cite that entry into management roles is attained by a combination of experiences, opportunities and formal education offered by an organization; thus, it is not pegged on experience and education alone (Thompson & Marley, 1999). Similarly, more research need to be carried out in order to evaluate women in top management roles and how they embrace opportunities created by organizations structures in advancing their careers. On gender stereotyping, the article mention that change is inevitable.
The research has shown women in various management roles. Similarly, the research has achieved its goal of demonstrating the length in which women craft strategies to mitigate challenges they face in the process of managing their careers. Thus, the research shows that women have utilized individual and organizational strategies to their advantage. However, Organizational support has been a barrier in their efforts. This is in the sense that the organization has not accorded them a fair performance in terms of sponsored training opportunities.
Thompson, J.J., and Marley, M. A. (1999).Women in Human Services Management, Administration in Social Work, 23(2), 17-31.