Sample Topic: Research Methods

Chapter Three

Research Methods

3.0 Introduction

The research paper is set to investigate factors leading to career choice among Hispanic female teachers. To establish this factors and the extent to which each of these factors contributes to the choices, the research utilized a qualitative approach. Ten female teachers from Center Hill County in Florida were interviewed to give reasons for their academic choices. The chapter focuses on the research methods used to collect and analyze the data, its settings, sources of the data, tools or instruments used to collect the data, data collection and analysis.

The researcher seeks to understand behavioural, environmental and cultural factors that influence the career choices of the Hispanic female teachers. The paper will rely on both qualitative and quantitative research methods.


3.0.1 Qualitative Methods

In this approach, the research paper will be based on the critical and interpretive approach. From the critical approach, the paper will identify the influences to careers choices by the Hispanic female teachers, critique these factors and formulate ways to empower them to break away from the influences. Findings from the interview of the ten female teachers will be used to qualitatively draw up a conclusion on the influences to there career choices. The main assumption which is general to qualitative research will be that the ten lady teachers will represent the views of all Hispanic female teachers. The types of qualitative methods used in this case will include a case study, ethnography grounded theory, and phenomenology. The case study will be about the ten female teachers, the teachers will provide information about the phenomenon. The information will be analyzed to establish the influencing factors in the Hispanic female career choices. The data obtained from the participants will be used to formulate theories that guide the Hispanic female teachers in their career choices.


The study will be termed ethnography because it targets "a social group of a community.” The group is female teachers from the Hispanic ethnic group. A qualitative research is appropriate for this study as it will effectively help the researcher to explain this complex case and clearly open up more room for research in this area. Unlike quantitative methods which focus on quantifying the factors, qualitative research will move a step further and explain the reasons for this case.


The interview questions will try to establish the social, cultural and administrative factors that hinder the Hispanic female teachers from advancing to other careers and instead choose to remain and retire as classroom teachers. The qualitative research method will take the form of an interactive interview, for which the research engaged the ten Hispanic female teachers orally on matters affecting their career advancement and consequently causing stagnation. The interview focused on five major domains as relates to their career. The five domains included; career improvement, matters of sexual stalking at the workplace, matters of culture and ethnicity, mentors, and the way of life in the schools where they are working currently.


The aim was to establish the relations in the problems experienced by the teachers in their career line and assess the opportunities they have. The participants were professional teachers between the ages of thirty and forty years. Two of them were married, four were single and the other four were never married. I had an exclusive interview with each one of them in order to establish each participant’s story.

3.0.2 Quantitative Research

Quantitative research seeks to quantify the findings of a research process in measurable terms using figures and charts. This makes it easier to interpret the findings based on the figures allocated to each element of the study. This type of research, however, ignores the descriptive element of the data. This researcher in this paper did not utilize this tool for the research.


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