Psychotherapy has gained popularity in the field of health care. It is a term which refers to therapeutic interaction between a client, group, family, patient and a trained professional. The challenges addressed by psychotherapy are often psychological in nature. Similarly, these challenges are not specific and they depend on the knowledge of the practitioner.
Psychotherapy has the goal of increasing a person’s sense of well-being. In achieving this aspect, a psychotherapist use treatment strategies based on communication, dialogue, experiential relationship building and behavior change. These strategies aim at improving a patient’s mental health.
In this paper, the author explores the field of psychotherapy. In achieving this goal, the author explores the role of psychotherapy research in the practice of psychotherapy. Similarly, the author points out that some concerns have been brought forward regarding the practice of psychotherapy research. These concerns range from lack of reliable and consistent information, research inclusion and exclusion to language barrier and the concurrent psychotropic medication among others.These challenges affect the practice of psychotherapy. Therefore, it is the role of clinicians in the psychotherapy field to use their professionalism to enhance treatment. Also, clinicians should fix stable and reliable system to keep track of the patient's progress and focus on patient research to enhance treatment goals. This will ensure effective tracking of the patient’s treatment progress.
Relevance and role of psychotherapy in the practice of psychotherapy
It is important to distinguish between findings of research in psychotherapy, and the practice of psychotherapy. Hunsley andLee (2006) highlight there is a difference between the two terms. However, the central focus is anchored on how they are put into practice and research. These terms have become influential in determining the form of psychotherapy clinicians use. Barkeret al (2009) illustrates that clinical research and practice has raised a lot of concerns. Similarly, Aron (1992)shows clinicians have raised major issues by generalizing the evidence based treatment findings. This has been the same case with researchers. The researchers argue whether it is really necessary to focus on the context and the special features of an individual when implementing a treatment plan. However, Hunsley and Lee (2006) show that clinicians should look at the possible factors that contribute to the treatment, without dwelling much on either the research or the practice. For instance, Newnham and Page (2010) illustrate that taking a treatment in Europe or America would differ than taking the same treatment in a different continent. This scenario indicates the importance of understanding the research findings because they determine the decision on implementing a given treatment on of a patient.
Newnham and Page (2010) draw that psychotherapy uses the experience of clinicians present in the field. Cliniciansin the field have vast skills and experience, their experience is important because it helps build a bridge between the psychotherapy and practice as well as improving treatment for the patients. On the other hand, the bonding goals between clinical research and practice can be used by the clinicians to help people understand, and most importantly, improve treatment plans for patients. Thus, research on psychotherapy and the practice of psychotherapy complement one another. This is because research provides a base of knowledge while the clinical practice uses the knowledge provided to customize the treatment (Ablon and Jones, 1999).
Ablon and Jones (1999) cite the main reason causing conflict between clinical research and practice is interpreting research in tandem with clinical application, and lack of knowledge on how the moderator work. Hunsley and Lee (2006) point out that if research can do more to moderate the treatment, and clinical practice do better in decision making then, the patients would enjoy quality treatment because there will be harmony in these two fields. On the other hand, Ablon and Jones (1999)illustrate the process of bridging research and practice encompasses theories, methods, hypothesis testing and assessment; thus, this causes variation in data evaluation among the different disciplines that exist in psychotherapy (Fitzpatrick, 1999).
Hunsley and Lee (2006) show the combination of psychotherapy research and the practice of psychotherapy can improve services rendered to the patients. They further explain that this becomes possible when the data collected from clinical practice can contribute to the research being carried out, and also assist in treating the patient (2006). Similarly, Clarkin et al supports this claim. He explains that data collected ensures the research is aligned with the clinical practices ( 2007). According to Fitzpatrick (1999) data kept by clinicians can be used in collaboration with researchers to offer a wide range of knowledge for predicting similar occurrences. Fitzpatrick (1999) also illustrates that it is pointless for clinicians to assume the role of researchers. This is because they are researchers in the sense that they can accept a particular combination of treatment which they view is fit for the patient. Also, they can come up with some strategies which are beneficial for the treatment of the patient (Fitzpatrick, 1999). Therefore, research and practice bridge the gap in psychotherapy and the practice of psychotherapy.
Limitation of the psychotherapy research for the practice of psychotherapy
According to Clarkin et al (2007) various concerns have revolved around the psychotherapy research and the practice of psychotherapy. These concerns have elicited major incompatibility of psychotherapy research and the practice of psychotherapy. Though these fields are closely related, the concerns are traced from their division. Therefore, one challenge thatpsychotherapist face is lack of reliable and consistent information. Mullen and Streiner (2004. p. 113) points out that this concern makes it difficult for clinicians to come up with accurate decisions on the appropriateness of the treatment strategy to use on their patients .
Also, Mullen and Streiner (2004. p. 114) claim the presence of clinical representatives in the treatment study contribute to the ineffectiveness of psychotherapy research. They cite that during research selection, the researchers may use inclusion or exclusion criteria basing on the results they anticipate to achieve on the participants. In situations where the inclusion method is used, Mullen and Streiner (2004. p. 116) shows that there is a likelihood of a chosen participant to have a condition needed for the designed study. On the other hand, in the exclusion method, some potential participants may be eliminated from the study (Clarkin et al., 2007). This might omit some facts from the study. As the study proceeds in both inclusion and exclusion methods, other challenges such as; lack of language skills, symptoms of other disease and concurrent psychotropic medications become eminent.
Kazdin (2002) also points out the psychotherapy research provides insufficient information on evidence based treatment in clinical practice. This is because the scope of research is narrow.This aspect makes the researcher extract less information on a range of conditions and treatment that patients may have (Kazdin, 2002). However, Clarkin et al (2007) notes that more efforts are being conducted to bridge this gap and address specific problem experienced in clinical practice at various levels of treatment.
Moreover,Hunsley (2007) demonstrate the restriction of psychotherapy research lies within its applicability in the real world. On this aspect, he notes that for several years, researchers have been keen in distinguishing between treatment efficacy and treatment effectiveness (Barker et al., 2009).They have established the previous research on the topic has not been applied in the clinical practice (Barker et al., 2009). Mostly, the efficacy has been delivered in a research clinic and not in a service clinic, whose key purpose is to improve the efficiency in health service delivery (Barker et al., 2009).
Finally, the psychotherapy research involves intense and challenging treatment plan. Thus, patients are likely to be excluded from the research process. This occurs when patients are found to have medical conditions that would have a risk in the treatment process (Hunsley, 2007).This claim shows that there are many challenges associated with psychotherapy research in complementing psychotherapy treatment.
In a nutshell, evidence based practice in psychotherapy is not a static process, but, a dynamic process that requires both continuous education and progressive quality assurance from the practitioners (Newnham and Page, 2010). According to Newnham and Page there is a need for a comprehensive research that is more effective in addressing the issues of clinical conditions that are encountered by clinicians practicing psychotherapist treatment (2010).Similarly, a research that compares the effectiveness of how evidence based research complements the standard clinical practice should be highlighted (Hunsley, 2007).Presently, there is a huge gap existing in literatures on the issues posed by the psychotherapy research.This shows a need for a continuous research in the area (Ablon and Jones, 2002).
In this paper, the author has shown that evidence based research to routine clinical application is a challenging task for clinicians. Besides, many clinicians do not see the necessity in putting empirical findings into practice by involving their patients. This is because they lack confidence in their findings (Ablon and Jones, 2002).Similarly, even when a patient shows a progressive change, clinicians are often biased in accepting the results.
There are some strategies which clinicians should adopt in improving psychotherapy research to ensure accuracy of the findings, and their practicability in real life situations. One of the recommendations clinicians should embrace is appreciating professionalism when dealing with the patient (Ablon and Jones, 1999). This will ensure the patient feel safe and assured in regard to the treatment being given.
Secondly, it is important for clinicians to develop a system that monitors the patient’s progress during and after the treatment.This will allow them track the progress of their patients as well as respond with speed on patient’s concerns (Waller 2009).
Also, patient focused research is important for clinicians.The research provides the possibility of eliminating scientific- practitioner schism through a number of ways. These ways are facilitating evaluation of the effectiveness of the treatment, assessing the progress of the patient, and group patients according to their progress and outcomes (Newnham and Page, 2010).By embracing focused research, clinicians will know the various strategies to apply during treatment.
It is important for psychotherapy researchers and practitioners to establish a consensus and a strong medical care database.This would eliminate obstacles they face in their field. Also, harmonizing different fields will ensure various concerns are addressed and resolved. Similarly, the approach will ensure the research findings provide varying interpretation; hence improving decision making.
Also, clinicians need to appreciate written materials they use for their research. These materials can act as references for future research. The materials will also help researchers attain more knowledge and discover new measuresthey never knew before. Moreover, by discovering new information and combiningwhat they already know, the researchers will be motivated and advance in applying effective treatment strategies.
As much knowledge may be provided by the evidence based research, clinicians may ignore and sometimes reluctant to use the information provided. It is important for clinicians to understand that the findings by researchers are suitable for use and if implemented properly they can guarantee good results.
In the recent past, psychotherapy practitioners have relied on efficacy study to defend a given treatment strategy.They would benefit through adopting interventions which improve health care and guarantees satisfaction both to them and the patient. Moreover, clinicians should know their judgment has an impact on a patient.Therefore, they should keep a positive mind to help the patient not to fall back or lack willingness to change.Thus, it is important to have systems that assess the patient progress throughout the treatment period and allow responses from the clinicians.
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