Title: Health and Safety at Work
a) Importance of Health and Safety in the Work Place
b) Key Health and Safety Areas
c) Range Of Powers and Enforcement Options Available To EHPs
Health and safety at work are about the provision of a very conducive work environment free from injuries or illness through the implementation of corrective measures. In order to mitigate accidents and other health hazards in our workplaces, an elaborate health and safety system has to be installed. The law has the mandate to ensure the protection of the citizens against workplaces dangers. Quite a number of people are either killed, injured or suffer illnesses caused- by or made worse by the nature of their work (Ridley, 2008). Every individual at work has a right over safe working methods and conditions. All Managers understands the logic that competent employees are an asset to the organization. This report will analyze a case study on the importance of health and safety at the workplace.
Provision of health and safety measures at the workplace ensures that the employees are not injured or made ill during the course of their duty at work. This will be achieved by ensuring that the employees go through a thorough training regularly to refresh them on the benefits of exercising safety measures (Ridley, 2008). An organization that embraces health and safety act will be in a better position to meet its legal obligation to protect its employers. In cases of unforeseen emergencies such as accidents within the workplace, the management will be able to cover the insurance schemes for its members. Also, implementation of the health and safety measures will result in developing a positive culture within the system, where safe and healthy working becomes second nature to everyone. Employees will have a tendency to observe it as part of their professional ethics, therefore, it will be a permanent part of them. Finally, developing a health and safety strategy within the workplace will place the management in a better position to find out if they can handle and manage better health and safety measurements (Health and Safety Executive, 2010). This will be done through researching, brainstorming during meetings and seminars and indulging in teamwork and spirits.
Johnny Mop, being a trainee for the Tin Metal Company is entitled to The health and safety at work act 1974, which requires provision of instruction, training, information and supervision necessary in ensuring the health and safety at work of employees. He is also entitled to the management of health and safety at work regulations 1999, which identifies situations where health and safety training is very important (Ridley & Channing, 2007). For instance, when exposed to new or increased risks, when starting to work and where existing skills have become obsolete.
Training must be provided during working hours at the organization's expense and risk assessment put into consideration. Outsourcing of specialists to provide health and safety training is very vital in case of deficiency (Health and Safety Executive, 2010). Johnny mop is entitled to the health and safety (training for employment) regulations 1990, which ensures learners doing work experience are covered by health and safety law (Ridley & Channing, 2007). The management of Tin Metal Company is entitled to damages arising from the injury suffered by Johnny mop since it occurred during the course of duty. The safety representatives and safety committees regulations 1977 and the health and safety (consultation with employees) regulations 1996 requires employees or their representative's consultations on health and safety measures (Gunningham & Johnstone, 2004). Also, inspectors from the health and safety executive (HSE) visits the workplaces occasionally to ensure that the management is abiding by the structured set of rules on the safety measures (Health and Safety Executive, 2010).
A gap in the legislation was to be covered as a result of the extension of the noise act and the victims of noise pollution not subjected to ideal remedy. The local authorities and the police were empowered to deal with the public nuisance culprits to the advantage of the immediate citizen. The local authorities had to issue a warning notice to the noise nuisances but should the criminal act continue a legal penalty fee was imposed on them. The new powers were to aid in the auditing process in supporting and sustaining EHPs findings to either punish the noise victim or the noise maker or both (Health and Safety Executive, 2010).
From the report of the case study, it can be established that a health and safety policy statement is an important tool in an organization. A proper health and safety hazard and risk assessment measures should be implemented to combat any unforeseen emergencies. An organization should ensure that their criteria for handling and managing health and safety are under control and employees should be aware of the laws protecting them while at the workplace.
Gunningham Neil, and Johnstone Richard (1999) Regulating Workplace Safety: System and Sanctions Oxford: Oxford University Press
Health and Safety Executive (2010) Health and Safety Made Simple. Retrieved from;
http://www.hse.gov.uk/ 29 March 2011
Lewis David and Sargeant Malcolm (2004) Essentials of Employment Law, London: CIPD Publishing, 2004
Ridley, John (2008) Health and Safety in Brief. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann
Ridley John R. and Channing John (2007) Safety at Work, Oxford: Butterworth- Heinemann